Thursday, March 06, 2008

Peron, Evita and the Nazis

Juan Perón was President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974.

What do we know about Peron?

1. Peron was sympathetic to homosexuals.

"He resisted the entreaties of the military in 1943 to crack down on homosexuality.

"Instead he ordered the police and judiciary to let up on their gay-baiting." (Juan Perón - Biography of Juan Perón)

2. In 1945, Perón married Evita, originally known as Eva Duarte (1919–1952).

The marriage was partly political and partly economic.

Peron was somewhat lacking in charisma and the common touch. Evita had charisma and was able to appeal to both women and the workers.

Peron, in power as president, did some good things. Social security was made universal. Education was made free to all who qualified. Vast low-income housing projects were created. (The Legacy of Juan Peron)

However, the Perons are said to have looted Argentina. Reportedly they siphoned money from their charity organizations and political fundraising to various Swiss bank accounts.(

3. Reportedly, Peron had links to the CIA through Licio Gelli. (Fascism and the Establishment in Italy : Gladio and the stratergy ...)

4. Reportedly Peron allowed many Nazis to come to Argentina after Germany's defeat. (Evita, the Swiss and the Nazis)

It has been suggested that Hitler was allowed to escape to Argentina. (aangirfan: Hitler and Argentina)

Peron's Career

1. Juan Perón was born into a wealthy ranching family in 1895. BBC - h2g2 - The Years of Billy Joel's 'We Didn't Start The Fire ...

2. Peron joined the military and at one point traveled to Italy to study fascism.

In 1943, as a colonel, he played an important part in the military coup against the civilian government of Ramón Castillo.

3. In the military-led government, Peron became Secretary of Labour and Welfare.

In this job, Peron worked to lessen the power of the left-wing parties.

He also replaced the unions with 'syndicates' which could be useful allies of Peron. BBC - h2g2 - The Years of Billy Joel's 'We Didn't Start The Fire ...

4. When Peron became president in 1946, he worked hard to keep the support of the 'syndicates'.

5. In the early 20th century, Argentina was one of the top 10 richest countries in the world, due to its agricultural exports.

Peron decided to expand industry and introduce protectionist policies.

Peron took over key British and American-owed companies in Argentina.

In 1947 he began the first 'five-year plan' to boost newly nationalized industries.

6. Peron raised rural wages and forced landlords to sell their food products cheap.

The result was that the landlords stopped growing so much food.

The amount of land under cultivation dropped from nearly 22 million hectares in 1934-38 to just over 17 million in 1955. (The Legacy of Juan Peron)

7. High levels of corruption led to Peron's downfall.

In 1955, the military toppled Peron.

8. In 1973, Perón again became president, but he died within a year of taking office.


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