Saturday, July 23, 2005

Egypt - Operation Suzannah, John Darling, Sharm el-Sheikh


Who are the masterminds behind the terror? Usually it turns out to be the security services of one country or another.

In July 1954 Egypt was plagued by a series of bomb outrages directed mainly against American and British property in Cairo and Alexandria. It was assumed that the bombs were the work of the Moslem Brothers.


22/23 July 2005:

Bombs have gone off in the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

The first explosion took place in the Old Market area where 17 people - believed to be Egyptian workers - were killed as they gathered at a street cafe.

The majority of the victims in Sharm el-Sheikh were Egyptian.

In October 2004, 34 people died in bomb attacks at Red Sea resorts on the eastern coast of the Sinai Peninsula. The Taba Hilton in Sinai was subjected to a massive explosion.
October 8, 2004

In 1997, 58 tourists were killed in the town of Luxor.


The Lavon Affair - Operation Suzannah - 1954.

Operation Suzannah was the work of Colonel Benyamin Gibli, the chief of Israel's army intelligence.

Gibli wanted British and American properties in Egypt to be bombed. He wanted the Egyptian government to be blamed. He wanted the USA to hate Egypt.

In Egypt, Israeli intelligence officer Avram Dar recruited several Egyptians. Dar used the name John Darling and posed as a British citizen.

On 2 July1954, a post office in Alexandria was firebombed.

On July 14, the U.S. Information Agency libraries in Alexandria and Cairo, and a British-owned theatre, were bombed.

The plot was uncovered.

Israeli agent Robert Dassa had a bomb in his pocket which ignited by accident.

The Egyptian government arrested Dassa.

Dassa's apartment was searched. The names of accomplices were found. Several suspects were arrested, including Egyptian Jews and Israelis.

Another report states that one the Israeli spies was a double agent working for Colonel Osman Nouri, the chief of Egyptian counter-intelligence.

Israel's secretary of defense Pinchas Lavon denied any knowledge of the operation.

Israel's intelligence chief, Gibli, claimed that Lavon had given him verbal order to proceed with the plot.

Lavon blamed Shimon Peres, who was the secretary general of the defense ministry, and also blamed Gibli.

Supporters of Lavon also accused Israeli Chief of Staff Moshe Dayan of conspiring against Lavon and being the real culprit in the case.


Some Egyptian security experts and political analysts have claimed that Israel is behind the July 2005 bombings in Sharm e-Sheikh.

On Egypt's state-run television, retired army general Fuad Allam said that he was almost certain that Israel was behind the attacks at Sharm e-Sheikh and Taba.

According to Fuad, investigations have shown that the mastermind of the Taba attack was a Palestinian "apparently linked to Israel's security forces."

He added: "I'm almost certain that Israel was also behind this attack because they want to undermine our government and deal a severe blow to our economy. The only ones who benefit from these attacks are the Israelis and the Americans."

Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya interviewed commentators who claimed that Israel was behind the bombs in Egypt.

Dia Rashwan, an expert on Islamic terror groups, said in a phone interview with Al-Arabiya from Cairo: "Israel is the only country that benefits from this."

Majdi Birnawi, another security expert, told Al-Jazeera that "I believe that Mossad or some other (Israeli) security organization carried out this attack."

Birnawi said: "Everyone knows that there are no Israelis in Sharm e-Sheikh. There are only Western tourists there. That's why it's wrong to assume that the perpetrators were targeting Israelis."


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