The USA dominates the internet, through corporations such as Google.
The Internet is a collection of linked networks.
Now, people in countries such as Germany and Brazil are talking of having their local internet traffic avoid being routed through the USA.
In India, it has been reported that government employees are being advised not to use Gmail.
NSA surveillance may cause breakup of internet, warn experts / Will NSA revelations lead to the Balkanisation of the internet? -The Guardian
The main problem is the USA's National Security Agency.
"The NSA might be referred to as part of the 'deep state'."
Will Google and Facebook suffer?
"Beyond the diplomatic problems, the more immediate impact is likely to be on the US internet sector.
"This week the Washington Post reported that the NSA had downloaded large packets of information that were being transferred between data centres owned by Google and Yahoo – in effect taking advantage of a weakness in their networks to overcome the companies’ efforts to protect their customers.
XKeyscore: NSA tool...
"Technology experts say that the cumulative effect of the revelations could be to undermine US stewardship of the internet and to encourage a more Balkanised network where big countries enforce their own rules - along the lines of the proposals put forward by Brazil which wants to force internet companies to retain data on Brazilian customers within the country.
Some people think it unlikely that things will change.
"The only possible leverage countries like Brazil have with the US on this matter would be to disconnect their networks from us and connect through other countries.
NSA spying will not change Internet governance | ZDNet
"Perhaps this is the point of the exercise Aang? Balkanisation is the strategy they employ in their other fields of endeavour so why not employ it here too? Clearly the internet is a threat to their plans to institute neo-feudalism, perhaps the only threat. Okay, so how to destroy it?
"Why not overplay their hand, freak everybody out, and then have them all sever their connections? The global village would thus be rendered back into a series of isolated villages. What was Lear's lesson again? Something about individual sticks versus a bundle wasn't it?
"Lear went mad later. Initially he was right."