Girls in Afghanistan in the 1960s, before the CIA started building up the extremist Moslems. Photo from O'Bannon article
In 1978, the government in Afghanistan was peaceful, moderate, progressive and non-communist.
The US government wanted control of Afghanistan.
The CIA decided to finance some extremist Moslems and put them into power in Afghanistan.
The CIA sets up and finances the extremist Moslem groups. Above, Ronald Reagan meets Afghan Mujahideen Commanders at the White House in 1983 (Reagan Archives)
According to Andrew Gavin Marshall, at Global Research, 5 September 2010, (The “Arc of Crisis”):
Brzezinski said in a 1998 interview:
"It was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the .... regime in Kabul.
"And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention."
Brzezinski said he "Knowingly increased the probability that (the Soviets) would invade."
The US government plans to balkanise and control the oil rich parts of the world.
Peter Dale Scott pointed out, in The Road to 9/11, that "billions of CIA and Saudi dollars would ultimately be spent in programs that would help enhance ... Wahhabistic jihadism...."
In 1979, Hafizullah Amin, who was reportedly a CIA asset, carried out a coup in Afghanistan.
Amin "halted the reforms, and murdered, jailed, or exiled thousands of (moderates) as he moved toward establishing a fundamentalist Islamic state." (Michael Parenti, Afghanistan, Another Untold Story. Global Research: December 4, 2008: globalresearch.9)
The Soviets intervened in order to replace Amin. The Soviet invasion took place in 1980.
Reportedly, the US plans to break up Saudi Arabia, and several other oil-rich countries.
The USA took the side of the Moslem extremist Afghan Mujahideen.
In 1981, CIA Director Casey worked with Saudi Prince Turki bin Faisal and the Pakistani ISI "to create a foreign legion of jihadi Muslims."
This idea had "originated in the elite Safari Club," a coalition of intelligence agencies, which included the CIA and French intelligence.
More than 100,000 Islamic militants were trained in Pakistan, in camps overseen by the CIA and MI6.
Britain's SAS training future al-Qaida and Taliban fighters in bomb-making and other black arts.
Future al-Qaeda leaders were trained at a CIA camp in Virginia.
This was called Operation Cyclone.
It continued after the Soviets left Afghanistan in 1989.
Drugs money was used to finance the Afghan Mujahideen.
When Britain was in India, Britain's East India Company turned opium into India's main export.
According to Alfred W. McCoy, in The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, "CIA activities in Burma helped transform the Shan states ... into the largest opium-growing region in the world."
In the 1960s and 1970s, the CIA promoted the drugs trade in Laos and Vietnam.
In the 1980s that the CIA turned Central Asia into a major supplier of heroin for the world market.
The CIA helped Afghanistan's heroin to reach Europe and America. (Alfred W. McCoy, The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade.)
CIA money went to Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Afghanistan’s leading mujahideen drug lord.
Between 1979 and1980, drug-related deaths in New York City rose 77%.
(Carol Off, Back to school in Afghanistan. CBC: May 6, 2002: http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/afghanistan/schools.html)
In the early 1990s the Taliban emerged, and it was supported by the CIA.
"Between 1994 and 1996, the USA supported the Taliban politically through its allies Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, essentially because Washington viewed the Taliban as anti-Iranian, anti-Shia, and pro-Western." (Robert Dreyfuss, Devil’s Game: How the United States Helped Unleash Fundamentalist Islam.)
Selig Harrison, a scholar with links to the CIA, said that the CIA worked with Pakistan to create the Taliban.
(Reportedly the CIA hopes to use the Afghan Taliban to balkanise certain neighbouring countries.)