Michael Manley and Jimmy Carter.
In 1972, Michael Manley, Jamaica's prime minister, increased the taxes paid by US and Canadian mining companies.
Jamaica became friends with Cuba.
The CIA decided to use "crime and terrorism" to topple Manley. (From Kabul to Kingston )
The CIA station in Kingston became one of the biggest in the world.
Jamaica was hit by bombings.
Weapons were supplied to gangs such as the Shower Posse.
Cocaine began to arrive.
In the 1980s, the Jamaican gangsters helped friends of the Nicaraguan Contras. (From Kabul to Kingston )
Image by freestylee
Now, drones fly over Kingston.
There are extra judicial killings.
In March 2010 Jamaican newspapers reported that in Kingston there was a joint US-UK-Canada intelligence operation. (From Kabul to Kingston)
The Jamaican army is involved in a war in Kingston.
It was the CIA which trained, armed, and put into power the gangsters in Jamaica.
(13 June 2010, at Global Research, Casey Gane-McCalla: Jamaica's Shower Posse: How The CIA Created "The Most Notorious Criminal Organization" )
According to Gary Webb's book, The Dark Alliance, Norman Descoteaux, the CIA station chief in Jamaica, began a destabilization program of the Manley government in late 70s.
The CIA organised assassinations, labor unrest, bribery, and the shipping of weapons to Manley's opponents.
Author, Daurius Figueira writes in his book, Cocaine And Heroin Trafficking In The Caribbean, "In fact, it meant that illicit drug runners linked to the JLP (Jamaica Labor Party) were integrated into a CIA linked illicit drugs guns and criminal trafficking pipeline."
Former CIA agent, Philip Agee, said "the CIA was using the JLP as its instrument in the campaign against the Michael Manley government, I'd say most of the violence was coming from the JLP, and behind them was the CIA in terms of getting weapons in and getting money in."