In 1965, the US and UK toppled the first president of Indonesia because he was not prepared to be an American puppet.
"In four months, five times as manypeople died in Indonesia as in Vietnam in twelve years."
- Bertrand Russell, 1966. (CIA Compiled Indonesian Death Lists in 1965 / genocide in paradise )
In 1998, the US reportedly toppled the second president of Indonesia because he was not giving enough contracts to Americans and he was becoming too independent minded. (SUHARTO - BIG DADDY)
Indonesians like to dance
In 2009, the US may be sending Indonesia's President Yudhoyono a message, in the form of hotel bombs?
America's Heritage Foundation wants the Pentagon to have yet more influence in Indonesia.
According to the Heritage Foundation, "the US should continue with its counterterrorism assistance, continue to build closer military-to-military relations, help with education reform and economic development and move expeditiously to sign the comprehensive partnership agreement with Indonesia proposed earlier this year." (Resilient Indonesia)
According to the Heritage Foundation, Indonesia is of major importance to the US.
"It is the most important country in Southeast Asia by size, strategic location, and democratic values.
"The good sense behind forging a closer US-Indonesia relationship is the same today as it was yesterday.
"If anything, the terrorist attacks should only strengthen American and Indonesian resolve to fully realize the enormous potential in their relationship."Indonesians
According to Killing Hope: US Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II by William Blum (Indonesia 1957-1958)
"In the early months of 1958, rebellion began to break out in one part of the Indonesian island chain, then another.
"CIA pilots took to the air to carry out bombing and strafing missions in support of the rebels.
"In Washington, Col. Alex Kawilarung, the Indonesian military attache, was persuaded by the Agency to "defect".
"He soon showed up in Indonesia to take charge of the rebel forces...
"Sukarno later claimed that on a Sunday morning in April, a plane bombed a ship in the harbor of the island of Ambon - all those aboard losing their lives - as well as hitting a church, which demolished the building and killed everyone inside.
"He stated that 700 casualties had resulted from this single run.
"On 15 May, a CIA plane bombed the Ambon marketplace, killing a large number of civilians on their way to church on Ascension Thursday...
"Three days later, during another bombing run over Ambon, a CIA pilot, Allen Lawrence Pope, was shot down and captured.
"Thirty years old, from Perrine, Florida, Pope had flown ... in Korea for the Air Force...
"He was to spend four years as a prisoner in Indonesia before Sukarno acceded to a request from Robert Kennedy for his release.
"Pope was captured carrying a set of incriminating documents, including those which established him as a pilot for the US Air Force and the CIA airline CAT...
"On 27 May the pilot and his documents were presented to the world at a news conference, thus contradicting several recent statements by high American officials.
Reportedly, The USA has used militant Moslems in Russia, China, India & Indonesia.
Reportedly, the CIA likes to make life difficult for countries that are potential rivals, such as Russia, China, Iran, Turkey and Indonesia.
Reportedly the CIA likes to promote militant Islam.
Russia has between 19 million and 22 million Muslims. China has some 20 million Muslims. These Muslims can be stirred up.
In The Age, (We must not get back in bed with Kopassus - theage.com.au), Dr Damien Kingsbury, head of philosophical, political and international studies at Deakin University, wrote about Moslem militants in Indonesia and their links to the military.
1. Komando Jihad, which became Jemaah Islamiah - was set up by (American trained) Indonesian generals.
Dr Kingsbury wrote: "Kopassus (Indonesian special forces)... has engaged in... hostage rescue missions. The first was in 1981, when a Garuda aircraft was hijacked.... Kopassus... set up the Islamic organisation Komando Jihad that hijacked the plane in 1981 and which has since emerged as Jemaah Islamiah."
2. Laskar Jihad - was set up by (American trained) generals.
Jakarta human-rights activist Bonar Naipospos told Asia Times Online:
"General Suparman is one of the generals who was behind the extremist Jihad groups. He set up militias composed of gangsters and religious fanatics to counter student demonstrations in 1998. One of these militias, Pram Swarkasa, became the embryo of Laskar Jihad." (Asia Times We must not get back in bed with Kopassus - theage.com.au)
Tiara Lestari - Indonesian model
We should also note that:
3. Bali bomb 'mastermind' Al Faruq - 'worked for the CIA.'
Former Indonesian State Intelligence Coordinating Board (BAKIN) chief A.C. Manulang was quoted by Tempo magazine as suggesting that Al-Farouq was a CIA-recruited agent.
According to a news story in the Sydney Morning Herald, November 2, 2002:
"Some time around the 30 October 2002, senior officers in the Indonesian military HQ gave a piece of information to a military attache from a Western embassy in Indonesia -the source of explosive used in the October 12 bombing in Bali was the head of the counter-terrorism unit with the army's special forces."
The father-in-law of the officer concerned is Hendropriyono, Indonesia's spy chief.
Kuwaiti citizen Omar Al Faruq was arrested in Bogor on June 5, 2002 and handed over to US authorities. Al Faruq was able to escape from custody.
The airline manifest of Garuda airlines shows that at least two generals from Jakarta visited Bali three days before the bombings and that they returned to Jakarta one day before the Sari Club was blown up. This was confirmed by armed forces chief General Sutarto, who claimed that General Djaja Suparman was on vacation, while General Ryamizard Riyacudu, chief of staff, was said to have gone to Bali for health reasons. (Jakarta Post)
4. Islamic guerrillas in the 1960s - were supported by Britain's MI6
The following is from The Independent (UK):
"Cabinet papers show that British spies, including MI6, supported Islamic guerrillas in order to destabilise Sukarno." (Revealed: Healey admits role in British dirty tricks campaign to overthrow Indonesia's President Sukarno, By Paul Lashmar and James Oliver, The Independent - 16 April 2000) The Secret State: MI5 (The Secret State: MI5 (Home Office/MoD), The Security Service and ...)
The following is taken from The British, Muslim Terrorism and September 11
"Prior to World War II British Intelligence cultivated ties with the (Muslim) Brotherhood through agent Freya Stark, the British adventurer and writer (A Brutal Friendship - The West and the Arab Elite, Said K. Aburish, 1997) ... The Muslim Brotherhood spread throughout the Muslim world and has evolved into something like a Muslim equivalent of the West's Masonic brotherhood. It became one of the first Islamic Fundamentalist terror organizations...
"According to CIA agent Miles Copeland, the Americans began looking for a Muslim Billy Graham around 1955... When finding or creating a Muslim Billy Graham proved elusive, the CIA began to cooperate with the Muslim Brotherhood, the Muslim mass organization founded in Egypt but with followers throughout the Arab Middle East... This signalled the beginning of an alliance between the traditional regimes and mass Islamic movements against Nasser and other secular forces." (A Brutal Friendship - The West and the Arab Elite)
The CIA was following the example of British Intelligence and sought to use Islam to further its goals. They wanted to find a charismatic religious leader that they could promote and control and they began to cooperate with groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood. With the rise of Nasser the Brotherhood was also courted more seriously by the pro-Western Arab regimes of Saudi Arabia and Jordan. They needed all the popular support that they could muster against the rise of Nasser-inspired Arab nationalism to keep their regimes intact.
The Muslim Brotherhood was an obvious ally against Nasser, because he had abolished it from Egypt after it was involved in a failed assassination attempt on his life in 1954. The Brotherhood rejected Nasser's policy that, for the most part, kept religion out of politics. Officially the Brotherhood was an outlawed organization, but it remained influential and active within Egypt working against the secular regime, often hand-in-hand with British Intelligence. In June of 1955 MI6 was already approaching the Brotherhood in Syria to agitate against the new government that showed strong left-wing tendencies and a desire to merge with Egypt. The Brotherhood became an even more important asset after Nasser announced the Egyptian takeover of the Suez...
In Syria, in 1982, there was a major conflict between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Syrian government at the city of Hamma that resulted in 20,000 casualties. In the aftermath Syria's President Asad revealed that the Muslim Brotherhood forces were armed with US-made equipment...
Israel, forever inclined to back divisive movements, surfaced as another supporter of Islam and began to fund the Muslim Brotherhood and the Palestinian Islamic movement Hamas.
The most noteworthy success of the Islamic movement during this time was of course the overthrow of the Shah of Iran and the installation of the Ayatollah Khomeini as the Islamic dictator. British Intelligence had used their contacts with Iran's mullahs and ayatollahs to help overthrow Mossadegh and install the Shah back in 1953, and these contacts were maintained and used again to overthrow the Shah when his regime fell out of favor."